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Ideal gases consist of particles that do not interact with each other. There are no forces of attraction and the volume of the gas particles is negligibly small compared to the volume of the gas space. The behavior of gases has been studied by Boyle and Mariotte and Gay-Lussac. The equations of state of ideal gases summarize the relationships of Boyle-Mariotte and Gay-Lussac.
Boyle-Mariotte's Law: V ~ 1 / p
Gay-Lussac's law: V ~ T
- It results:
- V ~ 1 / p · T · n
- with V: gas volume p: gas pressure T: temperature, measured in K n: gas quantity, measured in mol